Rotunda and Atrium. Museums and art of Egypt: since ancient times up to now

Rotunda and Atrium. Museums and art of Egypt: since ancient times up to now

Starenky Egypt as on palms
The trip in Egypt costs visits of the Rotunda located in a museum lobby in what monumental sculptures of various eras are presented, and is concrete, three giants Ramses II standing on corners (the XIX dynasty) and Amenkhotep’s statue, the descendant of the imperial designer to Hap living in board of the XVIII dynasty. Here, in a northwest corner, there are sixteen small wood and stone statues of the official of the XXIV century BC by name of Ibu, representing it during the various periods of life. To the left of a door a calcareous statue of the sitting Pharaoh Dzhoser (No. 106) which established in сердабе of its step pyramid in Sakkar in the XXVII century BC and have been taken out by archeologists of 4600 years later. Those who considers Dzhoser’s board as the beginning of an era of a kingdom to starenky Egypt, call the previous period Early dynastic or Archaic. The real beginning of dynastic board is immortalised on the eminent exhibit being in a hall No. 43, at an entrance in the Atrium. On Narmer’s paletka (decorative option of a flat tile which was used for grinding of paints) association of 2 kingdoms (about 3100) is embodied the governor by name of Narmer or Less. On one party of a monument the governor in a white crown of the Top Egypt strikes the enemy with a mace while the falcon (Chorus) holds other captive and tramples feet on a heraldic symbol of Nizhny of Egypt – the papyrus. The reverse side represents, as the governor in a red crown examines bodies of the killed, also destroys a fortress in the form of a bull. Two circles of images are broken by figures of fantastic animals with the bound necks which are detained from fight by bearded men, – a symbol of political achievements of the master. Along lateral walls of a hall there are two funeral castles from Senusert’s III pyramid (the XII dynasty) in Dakhshura. Going down in a hall No. 33 which represents a museum Atrium, you will see пирамидионы (zamkovy stones of pyramids) from Dakhshur and sarcophagi of an era of the New kingdom.
Lyrical naturalism in art of Egypt
Eclipsing sarcophagi Tutmosa I and queens Hatshepsut (relating to the period when she yet did not become a Pharaoh), there is Merneptakh (No. 213) topped with a figure of the Pharaoh in the form of Osiris’s and decorated with the relief image of the goddess of the sky of Nut the sarcophagus, the embraces protecting the governor. But Merneptakh’s eagerness to immortality was not carried out. When in 1939 the sarcophagus has been found in Tanisa, in it there was Psusennes’s coffin, the governor of the XXI dynasty, whose mummy covered with gold is exposed now on the top floor. In the centre of the Atrium there is a slice of the floor painted with paints from an imperial palace in Tel-el-Amarne (the XVIII dynasty). On the river banks overgrown with a reed, abounding fish and аква birds, wander cattle and other animals. It is a fine example of lyrical naturalism, which характеризовает art of Egypt of the Amarnsky period. To learn it is more about this revolutionary era in the history of Pharaohs, rise upward by cool giants Amenkhotep III, queen Tia and their 3rd daughters, the predecessors Akhetaton and Nefertiti which images are in a northern wing. But at first you should pass in a museum in Egypt through a hall No. 13 in what (on the right) is victorious стела the Merneptakh, popular also as стела Israel. She has received the name according to the phrase from the story about Merneptakh’s gains – «Israel is devastated, its seed is not present». This unique mention of Israel known to us in texts of Old Egypt. For this reason many believe that the End took place directly in days of Merneptakh’s board, the descendant Ramses II (the XIX dynasty) though recently this point of view is exposed to the increasing criticism. On other party earlier inscription narrating about acts of Amenkhotep III (father Ekhnaton) which his descendant has rejected, made in glory of god Amon later is located, on worship to which the religion of old Egypt was under construction. In other end of a hall there is a model, representing ordinary houses in Egypt from excavation of Tell-el-Amarny, the short-lived capital Ekhnatona and Nefertiti which is confered an honour to have the separate exposition in halls No. 8 and 3, a little further.

Learn about all Pharaohs of old Egypt the ordered rounds to Egypt from Simferopol can.