Hebei and Tianjin Northern temples. At temples of China in what the ordinary architecture of China and an impressing Chinese sculpture

Hebei and Tianjin Northern temples. At temples of China in what the ordinary architecture of China and an impressing Chinese sculpture

Ordinary Chinese architecture in the temple in Chengde
To meeting behind Bishushanchzhuan’s northern border there are 5 temples which were earlier a part of a chain from 9 temple complexes. Puninsa (temple of the Universal Peace;), all ordered the cheapest rounds to China, it is necessary to visit CNY 40 surely – at least for the sake of its impressing statue of Guanyin, a bigger wood statue in the world. It is the unique operating temple in Chengde with shaved bare the Mongolian monks looking after altars and trading from trays in religious attributes though the atmosphere reigning here not seems high-spiritual. At the moment of writing of this book in the temple restoration works were conducted. Here shumlivy tourists in China are always pounded, and – judging by the hung-out appeal «Not to shoot at birds on the temple district» – some of them behave inadmissibly relaxedly. Say, as if monks pay to the city employees working in the sphere of tourism or representing the congress centres in China, for attraction here guests though with what rage they protect the prayful mats and gongs from the got naughty kids, testifies that they are absolutely not glad to idle guests.
Puninsa Cin of the Mongolian Dzungaria on a place of more old Tibetan temple, Samje has been constructed in 1755 in honour of a gain by a dynasty. Like all ordinary Tibetan cult constructions it is put on the southern slope of the mountain. But planning of a forward zone of a complex in what the ordinary Chinese architecture is incarnate, – it is acceptable hansky, with a gateway hall through passage, pavilions, bell and drum-type towers, a hall of Heavenly Tsars and Makhavira’s hall.
The Chinese sculpture in Puninsa
In a hall of Heavenly Tsars there is a statue of the corpulent monk who was showed in a smile holding a bag. It is Qi Tsy, the character of spiritual parables of the X-th century, differing cheerful nature and being considered as reincarnation of the Buddha. From niches within the precincts of a hall four look at guests unusual дэварахас (demons policemen) with bulging eyes. Statues of Buddha Mandzhushri, Avalokiteshvara and Samantabkhadra are stored in the Western hall. The central statue in East Hall represents Ji Gunna who living in board Sunov and has received a nickname "Madman Ji" that ate meat and actually was always drunk, but, despite it, won general respect the quite good relation to poor people. Ji Gunna’s statue frame the Chinese sculpture representing архатов.
The back zone of the temple separated from a forward wall, includes 27 symmetrically located chambers in the Tibetan style with the Mahajana hall in the centre. Some of these buildings цельны (doors at their wrong). It allows to present that architects, them erecting, cared more of appearance of constructions, rather than about their functionality. Central an element of furniture of a hall the wood statue of Guanyin, the Mercy goddess, acts as height of 23 m to which the religion of old China is presented. The goddess has 42 hands, and in everyone a palm – on an eye which – together with 3 more eyes on person Guanyin – symbolise its ability to see last, real and future. In a hall conduct two entrances raised over the earth are the most comfortable points for statue survey because allow to make out on another invisible details, and specifically an eye inserted into a navel of Guanyin, and the small Buddha sitting on her head.
The temples of China constructed in the Mongolian style
In the thirteenth day of the first lunar month (January or February) monks, observing religious traditions of China, send ritual «spirit captures». The spirit made of dough, place on an iron lattice, and the monks dressed in white clothes, at first dance around, and dismember it later and burn. It is considered to be that this ritual has been established in honour of the Tibetan Buddhist of the IX century, Lkhalunga Oaldor who has killed the tsar, given the decree about destruction of temples of the Tibetan Buddhists, their books and priests. The cunning monk has got into a palace on the white horse painted in black colour, and in white outside, but black from within an armour. Having killed the tsar, it has washed up a horse and has turned out an armour – thanks to it he has managed to lead the vigilant guards who not recognised him and have let out from a palace.
To the southwest from Puninsa costs representing other type temples of China, not so long since restored Syumifu-shouchzhimyao (the temple of the Mountain (Sumera) of Happiness and Longevity; CNY 40), constructed in 1780 in the Mongolian style for the ill-fated Panchen lamy which has arrived to Beijing by the invitation of the governor. As a kernel of ensemble the Grandeur and Solemnity hall on which roof have settled down 8 coiling gold dragons serves – everyone is powerful above 1000 kg.

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