Houses and sabil-kuttaby. How comfortably lived people of Egypt are rich? Who in five-floor houses, and who and in a palace …

Houses and sabil-kuttaby. How comfortably lived people of Egypt are rich? Who in five-floor houses, and who and in a palace …

Unknown Egypt: palace Kasr Bashtak
The inhabited architecture мамлюков was more distinguished: houses perfectly adapted for Cairo conditions in Egypt provided not smaller comfort, than modern European inhabited constructions. On the last measure, for the provided citizens. Without going far behind examples, we will call Otman Katkhuda’s called so by name of his carrier the house, living in the eighteenth century though construction is dated 1350. You will find it on Shary Beyt al Qadi, going east from Kalaun’s mausoleum. The house at number 9 costs on North side of the street. Now it is closed on restoration. The door conducts in каа – a narrow reception hall in height in sixteen metres with a beautiful fountain and the revetted walls which is cooled with the help малкафа – the airreceiver turned on the North on a roof. Having come back to Shary al-Muizz, pass by Barkuk’s complex, cross the road, turn on the right to the unsightly lane. The door at the left (directly ahead of an arch) will open before you unprecedented earlier Egypt – a palace of the fourteenth century Kasr Bashtak. Above are каа with the galleries closed by lattices-mashrabiya which allowed ladies to look behind holidays of the emir, and the similar constructions which are going out of doors. Emir Bashtak was married to daughter al-Nasira, and it were rich people of Egypt therefore it presumed to itself(himself) a 5-storeyed palace with flowing water on each floor. To chagrin, from it the part has escaped only. The entrance in Kasr Bashtak is from Darb Street Kermez, before turn, but now the monument is closed on restoration.
Having come back to Beyn al-Kasreyn, on a road fork to a meeting behind Kalaun, al-Nasira and Barkuka’s ensembles, you will see air wood circles sa-bil-kuttaba Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda, rising over the stone basis and metal lattices of the ground floor. The building has been constructed by the emir of the XVIII century who longed to expiate the former excesses. Notice that the history of Egypt abounds with the similar facts. Construction represents an example of widespread type in Cairo of the ottomansky constructions uniting mentioned in Sacred Koran «the waters granted above the benefit and the doctrine». Locals could take water from sa-beat (a public fountain) on the ground floor decorated with the Syrian tiles with images of Mecca and the Kaaba, and their sons studied at this time Koran precepts in кутптабе on the top floors (girls did not receive training). The old proverb indicates simplicity of methods of training:« The ear of the boy is at it on a back – he listens when him beat». Naturally, the culture of modern Egypt in respect of youth education much more differs from listed above…
And the palace, and a mosque on luxury do not concede in Egypt each other
Having curtailed on it is left on a fork at sabil-kuttaba and having passed 70 m on the North, you will reach al-Akmar being on the right mosque (it is open once a day with 8:00 before the termination of the last prayer, i.e. about 19:30 winter and 21:30 – in the summer). The most perceptible feature of it not so long since restored structure is the facade with a ridge roof, kilevidny arches and ranks of icicles: it is the 1st case in the history of Cairo decorative design of a facade of a mosque. The temple has been constructed in 1121-1125 by the Grand Visier fatimidsko-go the Caliph and has received the name – «filled in with a moonlight» – thanks to blinking of its stones in the light of the moon. But because the satellite is brighter in a cold season, winter rounds to Egypt allow to take pleasure in an unforgettable show absolutely. Pay attention to a smart medallion over a door, on the "cut-off" corner from the road, arranged so that to facilitate movement of the camels loaded with load, and that modern level of the street is much above an entrance in a mosque.
Rich people of Egypt too lived in houses. But in what!
In one quarter to the North turn on the right to Darb al-Asfur. Long-term efforts of restorers have given to this street so archaic look that it completely drops out of a city landscape surrounding it. But actually it looks more quickly as modern imitation, than as the original street of quarter of Gamaly. the 1st three houses (by the way, such words as «house rent, Egypt, Cairo» very often sound on streets of the populous capital) at the left are open for guests (once a day with 9:00 till 17:00, entrance cost – 20 pounds, for students – 10 pounds), an entrance through wide wood doors of the house of Beyt al-Sukhaymi (No. 19), most beautiful of the 3rd. Its rooms are located round the beautiful courtyard set by a bush in what the bird’s twitter does not stop. In a yard there is макад, or a loggia where men enjoyed a cool north. The hall for guests on the ground floor, decorated with a marble fountain, was used during winter time or for formal receptions. Haram-lik – the part of the house intended for ladies, – is more magnificent, decorated with faience, stained-glass windows, coloured ceilings and smart lattices. From here you pass through restored Beyt Gaafar (the beginning of the XVIII century), and get to smaller Beyt Harazati in the sizes (XIX century), a corner house at No. 25 later. Three houses give unique possibility to behold that hides behind walls of streets of the old city, to examine traditional interiors of the provided Cairo house in what life once boiled. In a word, after acquaintance with it (and not only) a capital corner you for certain will tell: «Yes, the trip to Egypt is worthy of it!»
Having come back to the main street and having continued a way on the North, you will come to Souleymane al-Silakhdara recognised on a respective minaret in the form of "pencil" mosque – is acceptable Ottoman construction feature. In the cult construction constructed in 1839 influence of Baroque styles and rococo which have achieved Cairo through Istanbul during Mohammed Ali’s board is appreciable. And it is concrete, it is a decor from leaves and garlands which differ and sabil-kuttaby this period. The street passes to the triangular square soon, further it flood brightly painted vehicles of sellers of garlic and onions which drive through the strengthened gate.

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