The territory of Turkey has been populated with the VIII millennium BC.
The opening made in the heart of modern Turkey with the historical title of Anatoly, or Asia Minor, grant to us the right to present that people here lived with the VIII millennium BC, in other words local lands — one of the most starenky populated with the person. The earliest finds include cave deposits in vicinities of Antalya and the artefacts found on a surface near to Ankara and the area Hataya, prove that in Anatoli people have appeared during an era of a paleolith. More numerous finds of an era of a neolith include the whole agricultural settlements from which the most known is located near to Konyi Chatalkhyoyuk (6500-5650). Finds say that in those days people already lived in quite big villages surrounded with a wall. Their instruments of labour have been made of obsidian extracted by a row and flint, and a product from clay are perfectly ground and included the stylised images of the Goddess of Mother – all this established facts from history of Turkey.
Commercial and cultural ties of inhabitants of Turkey
Thanks to influence from Southeast Anatoly’s East has slipped during the period хальколита. Commercial and industrial relations between cultures in particular are appreciable in products from clay and ways of use of tools from metal: they are certainly similar in the north of Syria and in the Top Mesopotamia. Places of archeological excavations of this period already remind the strengthened cities more, and frequent meeting certificates of cruel destructions of houses in Turkey allow to present that they passed from one hands to others — both locals of Turkey, and newcomers. In Central Anatoli and in its western part covered with lakes influence of the East appreciable not so very much. The culture of Turkey which developed on this district, is characterised by bright products from the burnt clay and figures of their gods. The bronze age which has begun in the III millennium BC, became the witness of an eminence of local dynasties and emergence of the strengthened cities. High-quality metal wares which have allowed to present that metallurgy development became direct the main precondition of an eminence of anatoliysky tsars are found in burial of local governors Aladzhakhyoyuk. Religious art of that time included images of the deer topped with crowns and bulls; among finds gold scenery and musical instruments often meet. In spite of the fact that this culture bears in itself lines of the Caucasian and pontiysky region, it is considered that the dynasty of Aladzha occurs from Anatoli.
Trade development on the district of Turkey
At the same time on the southern and east coast of the district of Turkey of unusual level trade reaches. Troy located on the bank of the Aegean Sea maintained continuous commercial relations not only with islands and continental Greece, well and with anatoliysky tsars of the southeast, whose countries settled down round the modern cities to Container and Mersin. Anatoliysky metal wares, scenery, the tool and ware exchanged here on exotic products, such as lazurite, rock crystal and an ivory. Coastal placement provided advantage in contacts to the cities of the Aegean Sea and east, generally the Syrian, trading ports. It has led the local cities to prosperity that riches of governors of Troy have confirmed found in the XIX century and called by "Priam’s treasures». Among and the end of a bronze age in the II millennium BC. the period of cruel wars has begun, in Central Anatoli there were huts, whose culture has been assimilated хеттами later, and many anatoliysky cities have been grasped and turned into Assyrian colonies. This time is characterised by continuous commercial communications and emergence of the fixed trading ways. In many places, for example, in eminent shopping centres of an antiquity to Karuma and Kanesh (modern Kyultep) in the south of Central Anatoli, detailed trading records have been found. Tin and fabrics, and export — products from copper become the main subject of local import. The pottery produced here struck with the grace and a list. To visit this ancient and surprising country it is possible, having used excursion round to Turkey.
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