Inhabitants of Turkey – Muslims
«If you are the inhabitant of Turkey, you mean the Muslim» — this statement defines both national consciousness, and culture the Turk. More than 99 % of the population of the country — Muslims though many do not practise Islam. The most remarkable sign of that you have got to the Muslim country — it is an appeal to a prayer (эзан) which is carried from a minaret on 5 times a day: at a dawn, at midday, among day, on a decline and late at night. In particular it to you will be remembered, if you go to Turkey for a month. It is proclaimed in the Arabic language and begins with words «To the Allah акбар» that god means «Is great». Often appeals to a prayer reach from different mosques with distinction only some minutes or seconds and incorporate in the tremendous chorus hooting over the city. The signal to the beginning of a prayer gives муэдзин — specially trained singer. Earlier it rose for this purpose by a minaret, but at present there is enough microphone and loudspeaker. Islam — it not only religion, well and a way of life, complete system of belief which clasps both spiritual, and public human life. Pay attention, on attributes driving in hotels of Turkey. The unique God, the Allah, admits the creator of all real, the primary source of burning force (Rukh). The sacred book of Muslims — the Koran — revelations of the Allah, granted to prophet Mohammed. Her heads (Sura) have been written down by copyists according to Mohammed. The Koran is considered one of the most beautiful works of the Arab literature.
Religious accessory of ladies and young men in Turkey
But many Muslim customs and traditions of Turkey are described not in the Koran, and in Sunn — meeting of sayings (хадисов) prophet Mohammed. A mosque — the centre of public life of the area where people pray and study Islam. The imam in a mosque — it not only the priest, well and the teacher. The most part of Turkish Muslims belong to the Sunni direction of Islam. From less known currents sufist and алавиты are presented. Both those, and others consider music as an important part of church service, in their beliefs there is a lot of mysticism. Shiite belief in Turkey – sect алавитов make about 20 % of the population of Turkey and differ from Sunnites that recognise as lawful Caliphs only descendants Ali, the cousin and son-in-law Mohammed. Instead of mosques they gather in communal halls джемеви. It is more quick religious public organisation. Ladies and men in Turkey pray in the same room, though separately. During church services they use music, dances, I go also from time to time alcohol. Own leaders they call a feast (the spiritual winner) and the grandfather (the main dervish of sect алавитов, is close to previous).
Choosing rounds to Turkey, Izmir can seem to you to one of the most beautiful cities of Turkey. And it quite right.