Architecture of the Harem in Turkey
Any excursion rounds to Turkey surely contain in themselves excursion on a harem (ежедн., 10. 00-16. 00, everyone half an hour from an entrance in the Harem in the 2nd yard; the price of the entrance ticket — 10YTL) enjoys wide popularity, therefore to get there, come as early as possible: tickets are sold quickly, and by the end of day behind them the impressing turn is built. Excursion lasts 1 h of 40 mines and passes at a frantic pace, but it can be very interesting if to know that you wish to behold. The word "harem" is translated with Arab as "forbidden". Apartments of a palace or personal residences where head of the house lived in Turkey with children, wives and odalisques (slaves) so were called. The harem of Topkapy is between personal apartments of the sultan and rooms of head of black eunuchs. In it more than four hundred rooms which surround bedrooms of the sultan and his mother, Waleed. In rooms had ladies according to their rank: at first spouses, further — mistresses, daughters, princesses, housekeepers, servants and, eventually, odalisques. As the history of Turkey knows, the harem contacted the outside world through the Gate of Carriages called so because of the odalisque, overstepping the bounds of a harem, should move only in carriages. To the left of Gate of Carriages there are Barracks of Protection of Long Plaits which delivered firewood and other necessary things in a harem. Protection which also served and for protection, was present here only at certain o’clock, well and that blindfold. Your route across Turkey surely should пройи here. Gate of Carriages and the Collar of Hen house were protected by dark eunuchs who completely provided harem life, but could come there only in the afternoon. At night that occurred in a harem, servants who reported about everything to the head of black eunuchs watched.
Architecture of Turkey on an example of the Gold Way
At the very beginning of excursion you get to the Yard of black eunuchs which has remained since palace restoration after a fire on July 24, 1665 which one of servants has specially arranged. As then the most part of the Harem and the Sofa has suffered from fire, it is possible to present that tiles in the Yard of black eunuchs belong to the XVII century. The architecture of Turkey has no analogues in the world. Along all Harem there is a Three-copecks piece Iol, or the Gold Way which lasts from the Yard of black eunuchs to the 4th yard. This way in 1808 the last from great Waleed, Aymiye Dubbuk de Riveri, ran with the descendant Mahmoud from employed янычарами deaf-and-dumb murderers. Life of the prince was helped out by the Georgian odalisque by name of Dzhevri Khalva which has said directly to persecutors the made red-hot coals of a brazier. The successor ran and became sultan Mahmoud II who has received later than a name of the Reformer. First the Gold Way there are the apartments Waleed Sultan which have been also constructed in 1665. Among several rooms the remarkable dining room with a ceiling in the form of a dome in particular is allocated. Further pass conducts in rooms of the main ladies of a harem which were under supervision Waleed. These are the small, perfectly planned rooms with windows, the centre and the top galleries where beds were stored. To the North from apartments Waleed Sultan there are one of the finest rooms of a palace, селямлик, rooms where there lived the sultan, and rooms for receptions. Big from them Hyunkar Sofrasi, the Imperial hall in what the sultan had a good time with the guests is called. Sights of Turkey indicate an interesting room of this part of the palace, being one more masterpiece of designer Sinan, on Murat’s III bedroom. Its walls are covered with izniksky tiles of the XVII century, it is decorated with a small marble fountain opposite to which there is the bronze fireplace surrounded with panels with the image of blossoming plum. Ceilings of the most northern room of the Harem are supported by massive columns with volutes. Its spacious semibasement rooms served as store rooms and bedrooms of servants.
What acts occurred in objects of architecture of Turkey
Under Murat’s III bedroom there is a closed pool with cranes of cold and hot water where, on a legend, the sultan threw gold coins to the ladies who have pleasant to it. Near a bedroom there are bolshushchy and light premises of library of Ahmed I which windows leave to Bosporus and the Gold Horn. Ahmed’s III dining room further follows, whose walls are upholstered with wood panels with the image of vases with the flowers and fruit that is acceptable for this extravagant sultan — the fan of plants. To the southwest from a bedroom there are two rooms which were considered earlier as disappointingly known rooms of "Cage". At present this outlook has exchanged, as rooms of "Cage" should be a floor above. During excursion on a harem also visit fine top terraces with bedrooms of the loved ladies of the sultan to which conduct stone ladders and from where remarkable views of the 4th yard and a pond for walks by Murat’s III boats open. Nearby there are exclusive country houses in Turkey. Usually the Harem is left through Kushkhan Kapisi, or by Hen house Gate. Here one of the most eminent Waleed, Makhpeyker Sultan, popular under an imenovaniye Kyosh, "Leader" has been killed. It successfully operated the state during board of 2 own otprysky, Murat IV and Ibrahim Sumasshedshego. After Ibrahim’s death it has not gone, as it usually happened, to attain the age in an old palace, and continued to dominate and at the grandson Mekhmed IV. Eventually, it has been killed by the head of black eunuchs by order of her jealous competitor, new Waleed Turkhan Hatidzhe. In the course of cruel fight on the toothless 80-year-old lady have broken off clothes and when it has lost consciousness, have strangled. This summer in Turkey was tragic.
Turkey from Astana will open in a new way, take pleasure in east culture, having bought round from us on a site.