In 30 kilometres for El Agami the coastal highway passes by a place which Abu Sir is called, Taposiris Magn is better known to archeologists according to own Roman name. Here the calcareous crest to the South from the road bears on itself ruins of an old seaport which Egyptians called Per Usiri («Osiris’s Dwelling»), and Greeks Busiris. Two ports were real: one on the Mediterranean Sea and another on the lake Mariut, to the South which has been connected with Nile to the twelfth century. Agricultural riches of Egypt on barges were forwarded in Mariut and overloaded on sea vessels, and the luxury goods delivered from another states travelled in the opposite direction. Customs posts collected duties from both. During the Roman times the region Mariuta created as much grains, as well as Fayyum, and the Plain of Nile, grain went for calm potentially ready to revolts плебса the empire capitals.
It is burning printsipny for commerce there was a network of beacons from Alexandria to Cyrenaica (Libya) which warned seamen about sharp transitions from the sea to sand along low located shore generally deprived of reference points, but covered with reeves and banks. Though Faros was gone in Alexandria, you can imagine its form on the unique remained beacon from this chain in Abu Sir. The most part of Egyptologists believe that it was a copy in the one tenth Farosa though Gyozyo Vyoryosh (being engaged in excavation of the temple of the Sun on a hill Tota) considers that it was the model Farosa, instead of the reduced copy. The three-storied structure rises over several natural caves in the middle of an old cemetery where have been buried both people, and sacred animals. The last have been, maybe, connected with Osiris’s surrounded with walls of the 4th century BC the destroyed temple. At the end of the 4th century its devastated interior was used as Christian church, and later – as a fortress by Arabs, shelters – the bedouins robbers attacking caravans, and as a post of a coast guard British.
On slopes to the South from the temple partially dug out destroyed city including winery and a bath of times of Justinian lies. Below on a hill the brisk harbour on the lake Mariut where the pilgrims going to the temple of Osiris landed once settled down. In some centuries they were followed by the Christians moving to Abu Mina, and later the Muslims travelling to Mecca. The lake became even more salty when the Kanopsky sleeve of Nile has got littered, and British have dug channels to fill it with sea water and to make a protective barrier to the West from Alexandria. Now sites often completely dry in its summer, and others are used as drainage reservoirs for industrial wastes or excessive water from Alexandria, but the view from a crest is still very magnificent.
Unfortunately, on the road there are a lot of possibilities to lose the way because drivers of mini-buses from the terminal Mukharrem Bey in Alexandria or confuse Abu Sir to Abu Cyrus or with Burg Arab al being in 4 km deep into of a land from Abu Sir. It is better to take a taxi (150-200 pounds), but make sure that the driver has precisely thought, where directly you wish to get.
The problem arises because the beacon is called often by Burg Arab al («The Arab tower»). This name has been given to the coastal observant tower destroyed by British in 1882, and later so called the approximate village designed by Wilfred Jennings-Bremli in 1915 on the opposite side of the lake from Abu Sir. Burg Arab al served as RAF headquarters during fight at El-Alameyne. There was a country house where president Sadat planned October war in 1973 It still is in a protected enclave on the brink of the expanded settlement.
Even more to confuse business, the KM 2 on the highway have a turn to five-stars hotel Hilton Burg al-Arab (03/374-0730, 374-0760, www. hilton. com,) ashore which possesses a personal beach, the bolshushchy pool and the children’s pool, a gym and a sauna. At the order in the online mode and in the winter big discounts operate, even zabugorny tour operators take only 55 dollars of the USA for a double room, including a breakfast. Tourists arrive directly in Burg Arab al’s airport, on last military airfield which serves now as the international terminal of Alexandria.