Located in the South China Sea between the Province of Guangdong and Vietnam, the peninsula of Hainan is most southern of nobody challenged Chinese islands. It is 300-kilometre width a strip of beaches, mountain landscapes, stories, the myth and – first – a pleasant example of operation by the person of the nature. At present the full province, Hainan historically was «a tail of a dragon» – a mysterious border of the empire Han, occupied, according to Chinese-han, the backward people. Settlements хань have appeared on the coast about 200 AD, but still many centuries the peninsula was used by them as a place of the reference objectionable and incorrect. Isolation of Hainan was so great, whether that else in the 1930th ethnic, vpervy more than 2 thousand which have seemed here back, continued to conduct a way of life of hunters collectors, having hidden from a civilisation in mountain depths of the island.
Hainan – the peninsula of contrasts
Vobshchem, modern Hainan in any way is not usual paradise. In 1939, after 2 years of bombings, the peninsula has been occupied by the Japanese who have exterminated by the end of war the whole third of the man’s population of Hainan in revenge for raids of the Chinese guerrillas. In the 1950th, in the course of realisation of policy of Big jump, the island ecology has started to worsen. The situation was even more aggravated in the 1960th when to Hainan from the continent masses of krasnogvardeyets for «training of peasants» were sent. Then the peninsula has undergone the first large-scale clearing from the woods, pursuing the aim of liberation of new lands under agricultural grounds. Process of destruction of natural resources of Hainan, depriving his inhabitants of means to livelihood, has been continued by the authorities and later, having poured out in a phenomenon of vile managing. In the island cities skyscrapers rise and modern factories hoot, and the country people of China here are so poor that lives under simple canopies with odnoskatny roofs which construct from clay and a reed and which they should be reconstructed after every season of rains. The rainforests which have remained only on folded sites at the tops of haynansky mountains, have given way to plantations for an eksperimentirovaniye with various cultures – rubber, mango, cocoes and coffee – in hope of market and trade lifting. In tourism, seemingly, here see the unique source of the income, in this the industry here are involved nearly all. Irritating advertising has turned Hainan into a place where dream to arrive for the weekend all Chinese. But huge investments into island infrastructure have appeared in actual fact inexpedient: across all Hainan unfinished, numerous hotels of China and entertainment complexes though here and offer the cheapest rounds to China stand idle empty, never opening and even.
Whether culture of China народноси and other sights
The most part both zabugorny, and the Chinese tourists are attracted to Hainan by warm, sand beaches of China near the southern city of Sanya and possibility to have a rest from works and troubles on the continent. First can seem that more on the peninsula there is nothing. Haikou, the capital of Hainan noted by traces of cruel colonial occupation, is only printsipny transshipment пт whereas the hansky cities on east coast only are a little covered by an originality haze. But, having stayed here some time, you start to consider that the peninsula is more interesting: on highlands about Tunsha’s small town it is possible to learn, whether that such the culture of China of a nationality, and the mountainous southwest hides some forgotten natural reserves where still it is possible to meet samples of unique primitive flora and fauna of Hainan. The southern coast has even some corners for scuba diving is the unique place in provincial China where in the presence of demanded possibilities it is possible to be engaged in skuba-diving.
The best time of rest in China on the peninsula of Hainan
Very hot and damp season of rains on Hainan lasts from June to October. The best time of rest in China here – the period from December to April when there is dry and moderately burning tropical weather, and temperature on the southern coast does not rise above 25 "S.Dobratsya to Hainan will be not difficult. Planes fly to Haikou and Sanya from all more or less big cities of the country. From Guangzhou and Hayanya ferries quite often go to the Provinces of Guangdong and Beykhaya in Guansi here.
Trip to China on the island it is possible simply and with comfort. Transport of China does not overload haynansky highways and the highway. High-speed buses cover distance of boundaries of Haikou and Sanya in only three hours. To others occupied пт islands go buses and minibuses. Keep in mind that rest in June (well and in other month) on Hainan is more expensive, than on the continent, – and even the Chinese tourists expostulate on very priced out.
Rounds to China from Petersburg is the sea, the sun and the Chinese sights.