Period of renewal of construction of pyramids of Egypt
In a hall No. 26 you get to an era of the Average kingdom when at board of the XII dynasty the centralised power has been established and pyramids of Egypt have started to be under construction again (about 1991-1786) . The trip to Egypt costs reviews of a black relic of a previous era of internal distempers (finished the 1st transition period) which is on the right. It is Mentukhotep Nebkhepetr’s statue with bolshenny ступнями (a power symbol), a body of the dark colour, the hands crossed on a breast and a curly small beard (the lines appropriate to images of Osiris). In the ancient time it has been hidden in the underground chamber about Mentukhotep’s funeral temple in Deyr-el-Bakhri and later a case is found by Howard Carter which horse has failed through a roof. On the back the hall costs Dagui’s (No. 34) sarcophagus. If the carrier mummy still was in it, it could by means of pair of the "eyes" drawn on inside of a wall of a coffin, be charmed standing at an entrance in a No. hall by 21 statues of queen Nofret in a fitting dress and a goddess wig Hatkhor. Figurines in the heart of a hall No. 22 strike with the atypical vivacity of own persons contrasting with a maniacal stiffened look of a wood statue of Nakhti on the right.
Gods of old Egypt as unity symbol
In a hall Amenemhat III and Senusert’s I portrait images, but first your attention are also exposed Harkhotep’s funeral chamber from Deyr el-Bahri among a hall which inside is covered with bright scenes, spells and texts will involve. Round the chamber there are Senusert’s 10 calcareous statues from his piramidny complex in Lishta in what the main lines of culture of old Egypt are presented. In comparison with the statue of the same Pharaoh made of wood of a cedar and standing in a show-window to the right of you (No. 88), these sculptures are very formal. On thrones of these statues different options of a sign of unity se-ma-taui, gods of old Egypt are represented: Хапи, god of Nile, or Chorus and the Set with the bound trunks of plants – signs of Both lands. The main idea of the Egyptian statehood is expressed by Amenemhat’s III (No. 508) unique double statue in a hall No. 16. Pair figures – personification of the Nile deity, bringing to own people of fishes on trays, – can symbolise Top and Nizhny Egypt or the Pharaoh and his divine essence. When you leave halls of the Average kingdom, you are watched leave by 5 sphinxes standing at the left with the lion’s heads and human faces. An anarchy era – the 2nd transition period and invasion гиксосов – in an exposition are not presented.
Know better history of the Average Kingdom the ordered rounds to Egypt from Astana can.