Art of old Egypt and architecture during the period мамлюков
The architecture which have tested strong influence of Syria and the states of crusaders in the east which his founder has faced during wars abroad, маристан, madrasah and the mausoleum of sultan Kalaun have begun style mamlyukov-Burdzhi which is characterised by magnificent ornaments and the bolshenny sizes. Probably, it is necessary to get after all cheap round to Egypt to estimate scale of old construction. And if present guests are under impression of that fact that these constructions have been complete in only thirteen months (1284-1285) that Kalaun’s contemporaries have been simply struck. As disappointingly it would not sound, the modern history of Egypt is much poorer in comparison with old and medieval…. Maristan offered the clients free healing from though what known diseases (including cataract removal), story-tellers and musicians for a mood raising, also means to help them after healing. On a place of hospital of Kalaun from which there was only three Lebanon, the eye clinic at present settles down. In a word, art of old Egypt, architecture and medicine – in all this still affects influence cruel and at the same time distinguished мамлюков.
Monuments of architecture of Egypt – Kalaun’s mausoleum
To behold ливаны, pass on a shady small street which begins opposite to mentioned above sabil-kuttaba. By the way, Egypt does not overestimate the price by the excursions. Further down the street the door trimmed with copper with geometrical patterns reveals in a corridor passing between madrasah and the mausoleum. In damaged by madrasah (the entrance in it to the left of a corridor) is sacred Lebanon reminding of trekhnefny churches of northern Syria, with the Syrian glass mosaic round a prayful niche. But the real pearl of ensemble is Kalaun’s located opposite the mausoleum. At first there is a lobby with trellised gate (mashrabiya) in an arch which is trimmed by a beautiful modelled pattern from intertwining stars (probably, directly the wisest Egypt has thought up hotels of 5 stars!) plants and sayings from the Koran, written by a lacy ligature. Behind it there is a funeral chamber of 30 metres with a dome "soaring" above pierced with rays of light, passing through windows with vitrazhny glasses of bluish-green, ultramarine and golden flowers. The painted kessonny ceilings tower over the walls revetted with marble; geometrical figures of a nacreous mosaic develop in the word "Mohammed". Really, monuments of architecture of Egypt are worthy admiration and the real belief. Until recently was registered that михраб possesses miracle salutary force therefore it was possible to see applicants «rubbing with a lemon one of it пилястров, and after pinching liquid». The stick hanging on a fencing of a tomb, was used «for healing of fools or idiots by means of blows to the head».
To many monuments of architecture in Egypt should… to the slave
Kalaun was a beautiful polovets who has been bought for one thousand dinars during Ayub’s board. It has promoted on service thanks to protection of sultan Beybarsa al-Bundukdari, and in 1279 has shifted his seventeen-year descendant. Near al-Mansur and al-Alfi loud titles ("Thousand" – on paid for it the high price (on hotels of Egypt of the price are at present estimated in other sums) the name "Kalaun" for Arabs sounded as a sneer. It allegedly occurs from the Mongolian noun "duck" or a certain Turkish word which could mean «big repayment» or «expensive gift». Kalaun was the irreconcilable opponent of crusaders (he has died on a way to the Acre fortress in 1290 at the age of 79 years), imported into Egypt Circassians to resist to influence of polovets among мамлюков, and has based a dynasty which governed actually 100 years.
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