Route across China to tourists: Синцзянь and its history on the Great Silk way
If your trip to China passes through Sintszyan, you will appear in the region which history is decked by names of such personnel, as Tamerlan, Genghis Khan, Attila and even Alexander the Great. But is more often, owing to the isolation and feudal hostility between governors of its kingdoms, or khanates, Xinjiang stood aside from solving zigzags of history.
When your route across China will bring you here, you with surprise learn that influence of China not always was strong in this region. Vperva these lands, till 1949 being called in the West East (or Chinese) Turkestan, have fallen under control hany in the II century BC, at the emperor Fish. But only in dynasty board Tan (618-907 гт. AD) this control was supported with military presence hany in this zone. The period of board of a dynasty Tan has turned back "Golden Age" when to the South from Tian-Shanya the oases occupied by mysterious, but the developed Indo-European people have grown for Xinjiang of own sort, and culture and Buddhist art has achieved in their own zenith. Changes has brought IX century – domination of the Uyghur and their address to Islam. If your trip to China without the aid of others is organised, you can behold reminders on those, gold times for this region.
The next centuries were marked by invasions of Mongols, at first under Genghis Khan leadership, and later – from the West, Tamerlana accompanied by cruel bloodshed and a devastation. Though in short board of Mongols (1271-1368) trade on the Great silk way considerably became more active thanks to that in the 1st and last time for all history the East and the West of Asia have incorporated under the uniform power. Rest in China will give you opportunity to behold the ancient cities of the Silk way.
China. Country history: gain Sintszyanya
After falling of Mongols and a decline of the Great silk way Xinjiang which has broken up into separate khanates, has endured a chain of religious and internal wars. And still, Sintszyan remained rather independent that very much irritated China, the history of the country has exchanged in the XVIII century when reign dynasties Cin, again having subordinated to own control the region. Century later, in 1862, Muslim revolt under leadership of the governor of Kashgaria, Jakub-beka Badauleta, armed and supported by British who aspired to affirm as this buffer zone between India and Russia has flashed. Revolt has come to the end with a failure – Jakub-bek has turned into the tyrant hated by all – and the region remained a part of the Chinese empire.
The history of China during new time was developed out of Sintszyanya – first XX century it remained the undeveloped region of China supervised by furious military leaders, operating quite often absolutely irrespective of the central power. The last from them, Chaine Shitsay who has affirmed on the eve of the 2nd world war, has first proved to be the reformer, having legalised religious and ethnic freedoms and having adjusted trade with Russian Union. But later it has changed to the moderate views. Having slammed a door before Councils and the left influences, in the Xinjiang in 1940 it began to put into practice the policy of the terror which has brought death more, than to two hundred thousand communists, intellectuals, students and Muslim nationalists.
Eagerness to crush gomindanovets in 1949 for a while has connected clashing strengths of Muslim nationalists and the Chinese communists. But consequences of a victory of communists could not be others: the main pobkditel of Muslim nationalists were is concealed are killed (has officially been declared that they were lost in a plane crash), and every chance on education independent the countries for Xinjiang has been lost. The last nationalist winner, the Kazakh by name of Ospan, has been executed in 1951.
Since 1949 the Chinese authorities decided vigorous tests to stabilise a situation in the region in the way of resettlement there Chinese-han from the East, first, in Urumqi. If in 1949 the Uyghur made 90 % from a total number living in Xinjiang, in the 1980th less than 50 % were the share of their share in population of the region. Diversify travel to China with visit to this interesting edge.
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